What is LGV? Driving Licence
Requirements Explained

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The answer to ‘What is LGV?’ is a difficult question to give a straight answer to since the definition of LGV is a broad term in the first place. The UK falls under the rules and regulations of the European Union in relation to professional drivers, so the true answer to such a question is its many things. There are multiple licences and vehicles which fall under this term. Luckily, students needn’t worry because we offer courses in how to drive any of these vehicles safely and legally. Using us you can become a professional and qualified LGV driver.

What is LGV?

The LGV licence covers any vehicle which weighs in excess of 3.5 tonnes, which is a pretty broad field in itself. These vehicles are split into various licence categories to differentiate drivers who can handle the larger vehicles and those who can only handle the smaller vehicles. In total, there are two main categories of licence.

Close-up of LGV cab

The first licence is the ‘C’ licence and involves vehicles with a rigid body. In other words, the vehicle can’t disconnect, so the fire engine and a rubbish collection vehicle would come under this category.

The second tier licence is a Cat 'C+E' or 'Articulated Vehicle' - this is for any vehilce over 7.5t with a cab and trailer. This is for smaller vehicles not exceeding 7.5 tonnes which have trailers attached to the back. A lorry would come under this category since its trailer comes away from the main cab.

Both of these licence categories also have trailer courses. Students who pass these trailer courses can attach additional weight to the back of the vehicle. Normally, these courses take about a day. People can take these courses together with the full licence course.

The 1997 Rule

The year 1997 signalled a year where the way licences were categorised and examined changed dramatically. Drivers who gained their full UK driving licence before 1997 possess something which is known as ‘implied rights’ or ‘grandfather rights’. It means the licence automatically incorporates things like the C1 licence into it. It means older people who already possessed their licence at this time have an easier route into the professional driving industry.

We strongly recommend people who possess their licence through the implied rights system take a refresher course if they haven’t driven heavier vehicles for an extended period of time. The reason for this is because the rules and regulations governing professional drivers have changed since this time. Our one-day courses offer a crash course in learning to bring you up to speed with the latest nuances of the industry.

What We Do

We are a premiere learning provider in the UK. Our goal is to adequately prepare students for their LGV exams. We can’t issue licences ourselves, only the relevant regulatory bodies do this, but we can train students to pass their exams with flying colours. With our revolutionary teaching styles we appeal to students since we identify with their needs. The extremely high pass rates we present demonstrate our methods’ grand success.

Learning more about LGV driving

If you want to know more about LGV driving or training for a career in LGV please select from our list of relevant articles below.

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Step-by-Step
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Vehicle Type Verses Licence Class
HGV / LGV Cat 'C+E' (Class 1)

Any vehicle over 7.5t that has a detachable or separate trailer, Cat 'C+E' licences can only be applied for once the driver has taken and passed their Cat 'C'. These are larger vehicles so tend to be used for long haul, national and international routes. Starting salaries are around £28,000 per year.

HGV / LGV Cat 'C' (Class 2)

For vehicles in a rigid-based body that is over 7.5t – examples include fire engines, rubbish collection vehicles and any HGV, providing the vehicle is all one unit (i.e. the cab does not separate from the trailer). Usually operated in towns and cities, starting salaries for Cat 'C' drivers are around £24,000 per year

Cat C1

For use if driving any goods vehicle that is above 3.5t and below 7.5t in weight. If you gained your driving licence before 1997, you will automatically have this category on your licence. If you gained your driving licence after 1997, you will have to take a test. Note – if you gain your Cat 'C' you automatically get given your Cat 'C1', so it is advisable to take a full Cat 'C' course and get both categories for the price of one. C1 vehicle examples include: horseboxes, ambulances, Occado delivery vehicles etc. Course can be completed in 1x week.

Cat C1+E

Same as above, but gives you the capacity to tow a trailer behind your C1 vehicle. Course can be completed in 1x week.

Cat B+E

This enables you to tow an item behind a standard car. Again, if you passed before 1997 you do not need to pass a test to tow a trailer behind a car – if you passed after 1997, a full course and driving test is required. Course can be completed in 3x days.

Cat D

This is a full bus / coach licence, enabling you to drive any sized Passenger Carrying Vehicle. Course can be completed in 1x week.

Cat D1

Enables you to drive a minibus of 9-16 seats maximum. If you passed your driving test before 1997 this category will already be on your licence, if you passed after that date a full course and test is required. Course can be completed in 1x week.

Fork Lift

The licences depend on what vehicle is used and the type of environment it is used in. 1-day refresher courses: for experienced operators with lapsed licences 3-day mini courses: for experienced operators who have not received formal training 5-day full courses: for novices who have not received any training and have no experience. All courses begin with classroom time where you will learn the theoretical requirements of the vehicle they are being trained on. Includes all relevant aspects of health and safety and short multiple-choice Theory Test. Practical training begins with an explanation as to the operation of the relevant truck. Practical elements cover daily vehicle checks and safe loading techniques – you will then practice the operation of the vehicle until they become proficient, whereby a short practical test will take place.

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